The Oakland Athletics, often referred to as the A's, are an American professional baseball team based in Oakland, California. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) West division. The team plays its home games at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum. They have won nine World Series championships, the third-most of all current MLB teams. The 2017 season was the club's 50th while based in Oakland.
One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the team was founded in Philadelphia in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics. They won three World Series championships from 1910 to 1913 and back-to-back titles in 1929 and 1930. The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was Connie Mack and Hall of Fame players included Chief Bender, Frank "Home Run" Baker, Jimmie Foxx, and Lefty Grove. The team left Philadelphia for Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics before moving to Oakland in 1968. They won three consecutive World Championships between 1972 and 1974, led by players including Vida Blue, Catfish Hunter, Reggie Jackson, ace reliever Rollie Fingers, and colorful owner Charlie O. Finley. After being sold by Finley to Walter A. Haas Jr., the team won three consecutive pennants and the 1989 World Series behind the "Bash Brothers", Jose Canseco and Mark McGwire, as well as Hall of Famers Dennis Eckersley, Rickey Henderson and manager Tony La Russa.
Texas Rangers may refer to:
The Texas Ranger Division of the Texas Department of Public Safety; in law enforcement 1836 to the present
Terry's Texas Rangers, the popular name of the 8th Texas Cavalry
Terry's Texas Rangers, the name of a modern regiment in the Texas State Guard
Texas Rangers (baseball), a Major League Baseball team
Texas Rangers (architects), a group of architects who taught at the University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture from 1951 to 1957
Texas Rangers (film), a 2001 film directed by Steve Miner
The Texas Rangers (1936 film), a 1936 film directed by King Vidor
The Texas Rangers (1951 film), a 1951 Western, directed by Phil Karlson
The Texas Ranger, a 1931 film
The Texas Ranger (magazine), a humor magazine published out of the University of Texas at Austin from 1923 to 1972
Leucophyllum frutescens, an evergreen shrub sometimes referred to as "Texas Ranger"